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nix-hash - compute the cryptographic hash of a path


nix-hash [--flat] [--base32] [--truncate] [--type hashAlgo] path…

nix-hash --to-base16 hash…

nix-hash --to-base32 hash…


The command nix-hash computes the cryptographic hash of the contents of each path and prints it on standard output. By default, it computes an MD5 hash, but other hash algorithms are available as well. The hash is printed in hexadecimal. To generate the same hash as nix-prefetch-url you have to specify multiple arguments, see below for an example.

The hash is computed over a serialisation of each path: a dump of the file system tree rooted at the path. This allows directories and symlinks to be hashed as well as regular files. The dump is in the NAR format produced by nix-store --dump. Thus, nix-hash path yields the same cryptographic hash as nix-store --dump path | md5sum.


  • --flat\ Print the cryptographic hash of the contents of each regular file path. That is, do not compute the hash over the dump of path. The result is identical to that produced by the GNU commands md5sum and sha1sum.

  • --base32\ Print the hash in a base-32 representation rather than hexadecimal. This base-32 representation is more compact and can be used in Nix expressions (such as in calls to fetchurl).

  • --truncate\ Truncate hashes longer than 160 bits (such as SHA-256) to 160 bits.

  • --type hashAlgo\ Use the specified cryptographic hash algorithm, which can be one of md5, sha1, sha256, and sha512.

  • --to-base16\ Don’t hash anything, but convert the base-32 hash representation hash to hexadecimal.

  • --to-base32\ Don’t hash anything, but convert the hexadecimal hash representation hash to base-32.


Computing the same hash as nix-prefetch-url:

$ nix-prefetch-url file://<(echo test)
$ nix-hash --type sha256 --flat --base32 <(echo test)

Computing hashes:

$ mkdir test
$ echo "hello" > test/world

$ nix-hash test/ (MD5 hash; default)

$ nix-store --dump test/ | md5sum (for comparison)
8179d3caeff1869b5ba1744e5a245c04  -

$ nix-hash --type sha1 test/

$ nix-hash --type sha1 --base32 test/

$ nix-hash --type sha256 --flat test/
error: reading file `test/': Is a directory

$ nix-hash --type sha256 --flat test/world

Converting between hexadecimal and base-32:

$ nix-hash --type sha1 --to-base32 e4fd8ba5f7bbeaea5ace89fe10255536cd60dab6

$ nix-hash --type sha1 --to-base16 nvd61k9nalji1zl9rrdfmsmvyyjqpzg4

Last update: November 4, 2021
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